Objective: To compare indocyanine green dye fluorescence cholangiography (ICG-FC) with intra-operative cholangiography (IOC) in minimal access cholecystectomy for visualization of the extrahepatic biliary tree. Although studies have shown that ICG-FC is safe, feasible, and comparable to IOC to visualize the extrahepatic biliary tree, there is no comparative review. The primary outcomes were percentage visualization of the cystic duct (CD), common bile duct (CBD), CD-CBD junction, and the common hepatic duct (CHD). We used RevMan v5.3 software to analyze the data.
Results: Seven studies including 481 patients were included. Five studies, comprising 275 patients reported higher CD (RR = 0.90, p = 0.12, 95% CI 0.79-1.03, I2 = 74%) and CBD visualization rates (RR = 0.82, p = 0.09, 95% CI 0.65-1.03, I2 = 87%) by ICG-FC. Four studies, comprising 223 patients, reported higher CD-CBD junction visualization rates using ICG-FC compared to IOC (RR = 0.68, p = 0.06, 95% CI = 0.45-1.02, I2 = 94%). Four studies, comprising 210 patients, reported higher CHD visualization rates using ICG-FC compared to IOC (RR = 0.58, p = 0.03, 95% CI 0.35-0.93, I2 = 91%).
Conclusion: ICG-FC is safe, and it improves visualization of CHD.