The staple line gastric leak (GL) is estimated to be the most serious complication of the sleeve gastrectomy. The use of indocyanine green (ICG) has been introduced in minimally invasive surgery to show the vascularization of the stomach in real time and its application to the gastroesophageal junction (GE) during Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) seems very promising. We present the case of a 40-year-old female underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Intraoperative indocyanine green test showed a small dark area in the proximal third of the staple line reinforced with fibrin glue.
Two weeks later the patient presented to the emergency room (ED) with abdominal pain, fever, vomiting, intolerance to oral intake and the evidence of a leak on the abdomen Computer Tomography (CT). This case report shows that intraoperative ICG test can be helpful in determining which patients are at greater risk of the leak and, more importantly, the cause of the leak but further tests are needed to determine if the ICG predicts leak due to ischemia.