Background: Prediction of post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) based on remnant liver function reserve is important for successful hepatectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) clearance in a future remnant liver was a predictor of PHLF.

Methods: This prospective study enrolled 31 consecutive patients who underwent anatomical hepatectomy between June 2016 and August 2019. Intraoperative ICG plasma disappearance rate (ICG-PDR) and ICG retention rate at 15 min (ICG-R15) were measured.

Results: Of the operations performed, 87.1% were major hepatectomy. PHLF Grade B/C was observed in eight patients (25.8%) with no mortality. The concordance indices of intraoperative ICG-PDR and ICG-PDR for predicting PHLF were 0.834 (95% CI, 0.69-0.98) and 0.834 (95% CI, 0.69-0.98), respectively. A subgroup analysis of patients with preoperative biliary drainage (BD) (n = 17) showed that the concordance indices of intraoperative ICG-PDR increased to 0.923 (95% CI, 0.79-1.00).

Conclusions: Intraoperative ICG clearance in the remnant liver was a promising predictor for PHLF in patients undergoing anatomical hepatectomy, especially in patients with BD (biliary drainage).

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