Introduction: The most dreaded complication during laparoscopic cholecystectomy still remains to be injury to the common bile duct. Intra-operative cholangiography was introduced as a means of reducing the chances of biliary injury, done using Fluoroscopic imaging or Near-infrared fluorescence imaging method. This prospective study was conducted among 70 patients between July 2020 and December 2021. Subjects were administered 5mg of ICG dye pre-operatively and procedure performed using Karl Storz HD image S1 system with a D-light P light source for NIRF imaging.
Results: The average duration of surgery was 58.10 minutes. After calot’s dissection, the CBD was visualized in 88.71 % patients, with a mean time to visualization at 26.33 minutes. The cystic duct was visualized in 87.3% cases with a mean time of visualization of 32.10 minutes. The hepatic duct was visualized in 28.57% and the hepatic duct-CBD confluence was visualized in 34.28% patients.
Conclusion: Near infrared imaging based intra-operative cholangiography, using Indocyanine Green dye, during Lap. Cholecystectomy is an easy, useful and inexpensive method of visualizing the biliary ductal anatomy.