Purpose: To study ultra-widefield indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) patterns in central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).

Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken on 30 patients aged 20 to 60 years with CSC at the retina clinic of a tertiary care center. Of them, 43 eyes were affected by CSC, whereas 17 eyes were unaffected as the bilateral disease was observed in 13 patients. All patients were evaluated for best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, detailed slit-lamp bio-microscopy, indirect ophthalmoscopy, ultra-widefield imaging for pseudo color photograph, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and ICGA, and macular swept-source optical coherence tomography (SSOCT) characteristics.

Results: The mean age of patients was 41.43 ± 8.81 years (range: 25-59 years). The median log MAR visual acuity in CSC eyes was 0.30 (range: 0.17-1.0), whereas it was 0 in non-CSC fellow eyes (P < 0.001). Pachy-vessels and late hyperpermeability on ultra-widefield ICGA were observed in all eyes. Vortex vein anastomosis was present in 93% of the affected eyes versus 88.2% in unaffected fellow eyes (P = 0.61). Disc and posterior poles were the sites of the maximum number of anastomoses in both affected and unaffected eyes (P = 0.77). Asymmetry in vortex vein drainage of the macula was present in 88.4% of affected eyes and 88.2% of unaffected eyes.

Conclusion: Studying the ICGA findings in CSC patients emphasized the role of choroidal circulation in pathogenesis as Pachy vessels were observed in all eyes affected with CSC and even fellow eyes of patients. Vortex vein anastomosis around the disc or posterior pole and asymmetric drainage from the macula were noted and could be contributing to CSC pathology.


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