Endometriosis surgery involving the ureter poses significant challenges requiring meticulous surgical techniques and vigilant postoperative care. This chapter addresses key aspects of ureterolysis techniques, intraoperative management of ureteral injuries, and postoperative care in the context of endometriosis surgery. Ureterolysis methods aim to isolate and mobilize the ureter while preserving its vascularity. Cold instruments and careful dissection are recommended to prevent thermal injury during surgery. Intraoperative tools such as indocyanine green (ICG) show promise in assessing for vascular compromise. Over half of ureteral injuries are detected postoperatively, necessitating a high index of suspicion. Optimal postoperative care in the case of ureteral injury involves Foley catheterization for decompression, ureteral stenting, and meticulous follow-ups to monitor healing and renal function. While advances have been made in surgical techniques and diagnostic tools, gaps persist in preoperative imaging optimization and predictive models for identifying at-risk patients. This chapter aims to bridge existing knowledge gaps, optimize surgical practices, and enhance the overall care and outcomes of patients undergoing endometriosis surgery involving the ureter.


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