The use of near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) has gained popularity in many fields in adult surgery, such as sentinel lymph node mapping, intra-operative solid tumor identification, and organ perfusion assessment. However, the clinical application of ICG in pediatric surgery is just at the beginning.

This review paper presents the advantages, current applications and potential developments of NIR fluorescence imaging with ICG in our field.

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