Radical gastrectomy is essential for gastric cancer treatment. While guidelines advise dissecting at least 16 lymph nodes, some research suggests over 30 nodes might be beneficial.
This study assessed ICG-guided robotic gastrectomy’s effectiveness in thorough lymph node dissection. We analyzed data from 393 stage II or III gastric cancer patients treated at Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital from 2016-2022. Patients were categorized into conventional laparoscopy (G1, n = 288), ICG-guided laparoscopy (G2, n = 61), and ICG-guided robotic surgery (G3, n = 44). Among 391 patients, 308 (78.4%) achieved proper lymphadenectomy.
The ICG-robotic group (G3) showed the highest success rate at 90.9%. ICG-guided robotic surgery was a significant predictor for achieving proper lymphadenectomy, with an odds ratio of 3.151. In conclusion, ICG-robotic gastrectomy improves lymphadenectomy outcomes in selected gastric cancer cases, indicating a promising surgical approach for the future.