Purpose: To identify the baseline predictors of anti-VEGF treatment response at 3 years in patients affected by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).
Methods: In this retrospective longitudinal study, medical records of patients diagnosed with CNV secondary to CSCR and treated using anti-VEGF injections between April 2015 and May 2020 were reviewed. The potential qualitative and quantitative predictors of treatment response were identified or measured based on the multimodal imaging examination available for each patient at the baseline, including structural OCT, fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and OCT-angiography (OCT-A). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
Results: Twenty-nine eyes from 29 patients affected by CNV complicating CSCR were included in the study. At the end of the 3-year follow-up, the mean BCVA was 20/50 Snellen equivalent (0.38 ± 0.36 LogMAR), and no significant difference with baseline BCVA (0.37 ± 0.29 LogMAR) was found (p = 0.9). Twenty out of 29 eyes (69%) had active lesions at the end of the follow-up. At multivariate analysis, none of the included features was independently associated with the 3-year BCVA outcome. Pigment epithelium detachment (PED) height (ß = 0.017, p = 0.028) and outer limiting membrane (OLM) preservation at the fovea (ß = -5.637, p = 0.026) were independently associated with the CNV activity at 3 years.
Conclusion: PED height and OLM obliteration at the fovea might be considered baseline predictors of lesion activity at 3-year follow-up in patients with CNV secondary to CSCR treated with anti-VEGF therapy.