Objective: To compare indocyanine green dye fluorescence cholangiography (ICG-FC) with intra-operative cholangiography (IOC) in minimal access cholecystectomy for visualization of the extrahepatic biliary tree.

Background: Although studies have shown that ICG-FC is safe, feasible, and comparable to IOC to visualize the extrahepatic biliary tree, there is no comparative review.

Methods: We searched The Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases up to 8 April 2020 for all studies comparing ICG-FC with IOC in patients undergoing minimal access cholecystectomy. The primary outcomes were percentage visualization of the cystic duct (CD), common bile duct (CBD), CD-CBD junction, and the common hepatic duct (CHD). We used RevMan v5.3 software to analyze the data.

Results: Seven studies including 481 patients were included. Five studies, comprising 275 patients reported higher CD (RR = 0.90, p = 0.12, 95% CI 0.79-1.03, I2 = 74%) and CBD visualization rates (RR = 0.82, p = 0.09, 95% CI 0.65-1.03, I2 = 87%) by ICG-FC. Four studies, comprising 223 patients, reported higher CD-CBD junction visualization rates using ICG-FC compared to IOC (RR = 0.68, p = 0.06, 95% CI = 0.45-1.02, I2 = 94%). Four studies, comprising 210 patients, reported higher CHD visualization rates using ICG-FC compared to IOC (RR = 0.58, p = 0.03, 95% CI 0.35-0.93, I2 = 91%).

Conclusion: ICG-FC is safe, and it improves visualization of CHD.


Recommended Posts