Background: Intravenously administered indocyanine green (ICG) accumulates in lung tumors, facilitating their detection via a fluorescence spectrum measurement. This method aids in identifying tumor locations that are invisible to the naked eye. We aim to determine the optimal ICG dose and administration method for accurate tumor identification during lung resection surgeries, utilizing a novel ICG fluorescence spectroscopy system for precise tumor localization. Materials and Methods: ICG should be dissolved in the provided solution or distilled water and administered intravenously approximately 24 h before surgery, beginning with an initial dose of 0.5 mg/kg. If the tumor detection rate is insufficient, the dose may be gradually increased to a maximum of 5.0 mg/kg to determine the optimal dosage for effective tumor detection. This fluorescence spectroscopy during surgery may reveal additional lesions that remain undetected in preoperative assessments. The primary endpoint includes the correct diagnostic rate of tumor localization. The secondary endpoints include the measurement of the intraoperative ICG fluorescence spectral intensity in lung tumors, the assessment of the operability and safety of intraperitoneal ICG administrations, the measurement of the ICG fluorescence spectral intensity in surgical specimens, the comparison of the spectral intensity in lung tissues during collapse and expansion, the correlation between ICG camera images and fluorescence spectral intensity, and the comparison of fluorescence analysis results with histopathological findings. The trial has been registered in the jRCT Clinical Trials Registry under the code jRCTs011230037. Results and Conclusions: This trial aims to establish an effective methodology for localizing and diagnosing malignant lung tumors, thereby potentially improving surgical outcomes and refining treatment protocols.

Recommended Posts