Our goal was to assess the coagulation profile in the immediate postoperative time after major liver surgery and its association with the liver function. Our hypothesis is that a decreased synthesis of the coagulation factor levels reflects an impaired liver synthesis following hepatic resection and will be associated with poor outcomes.
This is a prospective, observational study recruiting consecutive patients scheduled for major liver resection in a tertiary hospital. Coagulation profile was assessed by conventional assays, viscoelastic assays and coagulation factor levels preoperatively and, on postoperative days 1, 2 and 6. Factor VIII to protein C (FVIII/PC) ratio has been used as a surrogate marker of hemostatic imbalance.
Liver function was measured with conventional and indocyanine green (ICG) clearance tests, which were obtained preoperatively and on postoperative days 1 and 2. Sixty patients were recruited and 51 were included in the study. There is a clear increase in FVIII/PC ratio after surgery, which was significantly associated with low liver function, being more pronounced beyond postoperative day 2 and in patients with poorer liver function (P < 0.001). High FVIII/PC ratio values were significantly associated with higher postoperative morbidity, prolonged ICU and hospital stay and less survival (P < 0.05). High FVIII/PC ratio on postoperative day 2 was found to be predictor of posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF; area under the ROC curve = 0.8129).
Early postoperative high FVIII/PC ratio values are associated with low liver function, PHLF and poorer outcomes in patients undergoing major hepatic resection. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00281353 .