Introduction: Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence angiography (FA) is an augmented reality (AR) technique. When used in the operating room, it allows colorectal surgeons to visualize and evaluate intestinal blood flow in real time…. Evaluation of perfusion with FA in augmented reality mode has an impact on reducing the ALR (anastomotic leakage rate) in rectal resections.

Methods: Data analysis of patients after minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for middle and lower rectal adenocarcinoma with total mesorectal excision (TME) using fluorescent angiography (FA) with indocyanine green (ICG) (100 patients, 20152019) were subsequently compared with a historical control group (100 patients) operated on for the same diagnosis before the introduction of the FA-ICG method (20122015) using minimally invasive approach (MIS). The patients were operated on consequently at one workplace.

Results: In fifteen patients (15%), the resection line was shifted due to insufficient perfusion detected by FA-ICG. The incidence of AL was lower in the group with FA compared to the group without FA (9% vs. 19%, p=0.042, χ test). A retrospective analysis of the group revealed a significant risk factor (RF) for the anastomotic leak, namely diabetes (p=0.036) and, among others, a protective factor, application of the transanal drain (NoCoil) (p=0.032).

Conclusion: The introduction of new procedures and the use of new technologies, such as the use of the FA method in the AR mode in resections of the rectum with TME for cancer can lead to a reduction in the incidence of anastomotic leakage.

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