Bile duct injury is a major complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Intraoperative cholangiogram is useful, but faster techniques are available to assist the surgeon, like near-infrared fluorescent cholangiography (NIFC) with indocyanine green (ICG). The aim of our study is to evaluate the usefulness of NIFC during LC. This is a retrospective study conducted on prospectively recorded data of the General Surgery department of Trieste Academic Hospital, Italy. All patients underwent elective LC from January 2016 to January 2020. Patients were randomly divided in 2 groups: in one group, only white light imaging was used (n = 98 patients), in the NIFC group (n = 63) ICG was used. NIFC has been chosen more frequently by residents than consultants (P = .002). Operative time and length of stay resulted shorter in ICG group (P = .002 and .006), and this group showed also fewer intraoperative complications (P = .007).