Introduction: Indocyanine green fluorescence angiography (ICG-FA) is commonly used in general surgery, but its use in bariatric surgery is still marginal. Moreover, post-operative leaks remain a dramatic complication after this surgery and the leak tests available have poor performance preventing them. The aim of the present paper is to assess the use and utility of a new innovative technology based on quantitative measures of fluorescence signal intensity.
Material and methods: From January 2022 to June 2022, 40 consecutive patients with a median age of 51 years and a preoperative median body mass index of 45.2 kg/m2 underwent bariatric surgery with quantitative ICG fluorescence angiography in our center. Two different types of surgery, based on the multidisciplinary evaluation, were performed: laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB). For ICG visualization, quantitative laparoscopic ICG platform was used to identify the vascular supply.
Results: Thirteen patients underwent LSG and 27 patients underwent OAGB. ICG was performed in all patients with no adverse events. An adequate and satisfactory blood supply was assessed in each case. No case of post-operative leak was detected.
Conclusions: The quantitative ICG-FA seems to be a useful and promising tool for the prevention of complications in bariatric surgery but further studies are mandatory.